Chili peppers can be cooked or dried and ground into a powder for use as a spice. Paprika is the name for dried, powdered red chili peppers. The primary bioactive plant ingredient in chili peppers, capsaicin, is what gives them their distinctive flavor and heat as well as many of its medicinal properties. Chilli has been used in traditional medicine to treat several gastrointestinal complaints, including dyspepsia, loss of appetite, gastroesophageal reflux disease, stomach ulcer, and others. Chilies can be used fresh or dried to add heat to dry rubs, marinades, oils, and vinegar. They are included in a variety of meals as condiments, dipping sauces, sauces, and broths.